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If a pet is unwell and has pain when urinating, frequent urination, excessive drinking, or weight loss, vomiting or passing blood, you may have to take a urine sample. From a urine sample, your vet can send it away to a lab, and it can test many body functions, the same as it would with humans, and they can receive a report back, which can give your vet an idea of what could be wrong. When your vet goes over the results with you, they could tell you what the levels are, whether they are high, low, or normal, also, if anything is borderline. For example, from the urine, the kidney function could be tested or excessive sugars in the urine could indicate diabetes. As well as finding things wrong, a urine sample can also confirm that the test is fine and certain conditions can be ruled out.

Collecting the urine sample is often something the pet owner has to do, but it is also something that the vet could do if it is not possible for you to collect it. If you are collecting a urine sample, it may be there are special times you need to do it, like first thing in the morning, and you may have to hand it to the vet really quickly, as the sample may need to be fresh. Keeping a sample for a long time before taking it to the vet, may make it harder to test or render the test as useless. If a vet is collecting the sample, you may have to take your pet to the vet with a full bladder. If you have ever had to have this when you see a doctor, you know it can be quite stressful. You will need to arrange the appointment and keep your pet in, and maybe carrying them to the vets, or walk them fast on a lead, so they do not urinate.

Vets may collect the sample like we will show you shortly. And, in some cases, they may collect the sample directly from the animal in surgery. An easy way for the vets to collect a urine sample is to use one of these. Before these were around, you often had to put a bowl or a cup underneath a dog or a cat when they were urinating, but with this, it is quite simple. It comes with the pot where the sample goes and also the collection. All you do is take the cap off of the bottle, push the bottle onto the tube, and then, this is the heart of it, is to then go behind your dog while they are urinating and pop that underneath. It is quite easy because, by the time the actual dog realises what is going on, you have actually got enough of the sample in the bottle. They make it easier and reduce the risk of spilling and losing all or some of the sample.

Once you have got a sample, take the cover off, pop the cap back on. It would be a good idea to add your pet's name and your name and also the time when the sample was taken. These are available from most vets or online from most pet websites.