Pet First Aid for Pet Professionals Level 3 (VTQ)

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Allergic reactions

Video 137 of 176
2 min 27 sec
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Understanding Allergic Reactions in Pets: Symptoms and Treatment

Types of Allergic Reactions

Allergic reactions in pets can vary in severity:

  • Minor Reactions: Localized swelling or irritation at the site of a sting or contact with an allergen.
  • Anaphylactic Reactions: Severe reactions that affect the whole body, potentially leading to swelling of organs and difficulty breathing.

Recognizing Anaphylaxis

Identify signs of anaphylactic reactions:

  • Histamine Response: In anaphylaxis, histamine spreads throughout the body, causing widespread swelling and potential obstruction of airways.
  • Emergency Treatment: Seek urgent veterinary care for anaphylactic reactions, which may require anti-histamine and anti-inflammatory medications.

Treating Minor Allergic Reactions

Management of minor allergic reactions:

  • Consult Your Vet: Contact your vet for advice, especially if your pet experiences localized swelling.
  • Appropriate Medication: Administer anti-histamine, such as chlorphenamine (Piriton), as recommended by your vet. Never use medication without veterinary guidance.
  • Monitoring: If symptoms persist, seek further veterinary attention.